In July 2012, the Large Hadron Collider helped scientists announce the discovery of the famous Higgs boson subatomic particle, first reported to exist in the mid-1960s.
A unique detector for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is being developed by scientists at Moscow-based National Nuclear Research University MEPhI, its press service reported.
According to the press service, the researchers succeeded in finding a number of theoretical and technical solutions to create a transient radiation detector (TIR) based on high-grain semiconductors.
MEPhI principal investigator Pyotr Tetetrin explained that “an area of several degrees from the direction of the colliding protons, in which it would be possible to trace the formation of different types of hadrons, remains a ‘blind spot’ of research at the LHC ”.
He said exploring this area could shed more light on the structure of a proton and help scientists solve the particle physics paradox of changing particle spectra at extremely high energies.
“By developing realistic RTR models, we have shown the possibility of determining hadronic spectra with percentage precision, which is a breakthrough that should play a central role in the experiments planned at the LHC”, stressed Teterin.
According to him, it turned out that the interference effects in the multilayer radiators of the LNC change the main angle at which the transition radiation is generated, and its dependence on the mass of the particles can differ significantly from the generally accepted law. .
In addition, Teterin said, scientists at MEPhI have developed new heat sinks and prototypes for various types of detectors, including high-resolution solid-state detectors.
In the future, they plan to create a high-quality transient radiation detector to track high-precision particles to perform experiments related to high-energy physics and cosmic rays.
The research will be carried out in cooperation with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia and one of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) collaborations, MediPix.
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