There are 6 treatments that help patients survive COVID-19

By William G. Bain, Georgios D. Kitsios and Tomeka L. Suber

A year ago, when U.S. health officials issued their first warning that COVID-19 would cause serious ‘disruption to daily life’, doctors had no effective treatment to offer beyond supportive .

There is still no cure, but thanks to an unprecedented global research effort, several treatments are helping patients survive COVID-19 and stay completely out of hospital.

COVID-19 treatments target two main issues: the ability of the coronavirus to spread throughout the body and damage caused by the body’s immune system response. When the virus enters the body, it takes over the cells and uses them to replicate. In response, the body sends inflammatory signals and immune cells to fight the virus. In some patients, this inflammatory response may continue even after the virus is under control, resulting in damage to the lungs and other organs.

The best tool is prevention, including the use of face masks and . train the immune system to fight off attackers. With less risk of uncontrolled infection, they can reduce the risk of from COVID-19 to near zero. But vaccine stocks are limited, even with a third vaccine now licensed in the United States, so treatments for infected patients remain crucial.

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