Why racism cannot explain Europe’s will to conquer and colonial power – Dateway

There has been an upsurge in investigations into Europe’s imperial past.

By consuming dazzling critiques of European imperialism, one is likely to assume that the conquests are motivated solely by hatred and racism. Some commentators suggest that the purpose of territorial expansions was to satisfy the racist desires of Europeans. Although racism became a justification for Western supremacy, it was rarely the motivation for conquests. Historically, states have embarked on conquests to project political power. The conquest of other states resulted in immense reputation gains for the victors. Because we live in a knowledge-based society in which states compete to demonstrate their technological and scientific superiority, many cannot comprehend the brutality of past conquests. Moreover, since Europe has become in recent history the dominant world power, more people are inclined to discuss the colonization of Asia and Africa by Europe.

Asians and Africans are of a different race, so it’s easy to misinterpret racism as a justification instead of a defense of conquest. Europeans are frequently reminded that their ancestors committed atrocities against non-white individuals. Several authors believe that non-whites are still victims of European imperialism. Denouncing Portugal’s colonial past, Rui Braga writes that “repairing the historical legacy of white supremacy and colonialism involves moving from denial to recognition in order to collectively transform the systemic forms in which it still persists – ideologically, institutionally and psychosocially. Studying the implications of colonialism for development makes sense. It would be unwise to form an opinion without conducting extensive research to guide our thinking. Yet the moral outrage of leftist intellectuals is unwarranted. Unfortunately, rehashing Europe’s imperial heritage to indicate that the former colonies are still unable to recover from the trauma of European domination is in vogue. Also, we must find it strange that intellectuals seem to forget that intra-European conquests were once widespread. Despite the rise in historical emotionality, the truth is that the colonization of non-white peoples by Europeans is part of the larger history of European conquests.

Contrary to the current narrative, Europeans did not colonize Asian and African territories due to an innate hatred of non-whites. They aimed to acquire a hegemonic status over their rivals in Europe. If the conquests had really been about validating white supremacy, the Europeans would not have defeated each other. Therefore, we have to assess the conquests within the larger framework of intra-European warfare. When this is done, it will be shown that for centuries Europeans competed for hegemony in Europe, so there is nothing unusual about them then conquering non-Europeans.

Vikings comic book personalities are quite prominent in popular culture, but their role in Conquest is less well known outside of the academy. Admittedly, their first raids were motivated more by concerns of the steeple than by imperial ambition; however, as their power increased, they sought to expand their sphere of influence. As a result, after taking advantage of the raids, they recognized that the conquest would produce larger gains. Dawn Hadley points this out succinctly in her discussion of the Vikings: “The political conquest of parts of Britain and Ireland by the Scandinavians began to take shape in the 850s and 860s, and it can be argued that ‘it was the product of conscious effort. from at least some of the looters.

Although Europeans are often criticized for changing the society of the peoples they subjugated, the Vikings demonstrate that their approach to subjugating Europeans was indeed similar. Angus A. Somerville and R. Andrew McDonald vividly illustrate the effects of their exploits in their founding text The Vikings and their age: “Viking raids and settlements may have wiped out the indigenous Picte population in the northern islands of Orkney and Shetland; Whether this is the case or not, the islands and their inhabitants have become Scandinavian in terms of speech and culture. Viking attacks also resulted in the sale of victims into slavery. Jim Comer offers us a brief description of this process: “Slavery was common in early Germanic times, and the first Viking raids on Ireland and Scotland resulted in large numbers of captives, which the Vikings sold as slaves to the Byzantine and Muslim empires. ” 1

Unlike their Viking ancestors, the Swedes today are not known for their aggressiveness. Yet their imperial history is similar to that of Britain and France. Like other great powers under the spell of mercantilism, Sweden saw the acquisition of foreign territories as a route to wealth. Andres Kasekamp in A History of the Baltic States gives a vivid account of Sweden’s ascendancy in Europe: “Swedish King Gustav 11 Adolf (ruled 1611-1632) created the most effective military force in Europe, enabling Sweden to play a decisive role in European politics as the main Protestant power within thirty years. War (1618–1648). In the 17th century, Sweden essentially established the dominium maris Baltici, a hegemony in the Baltic Sea region. Sweden not only controlled Livland and the entire coast of the Gulf of Finland, but it also acquired German territory on the southern Baltic coast during the Thirty Years War. And in accordance with the building of the empire when obtaining a territory, Sweden sought to transform the culture of the region. As Jan Lindegren writes: “In the Baltic provinces Swedish law was introduced with land and agrarian reforms intended to reduce the influence of the German aristocracy and consolidate Swedish power.

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It is beyond naivety to assume that empires will not invest in strategies to increase power. To remain a thriving empire, an imperial state must ensure that disparate groups are successfully introduced under one regime. This is why they often seek to create cultural uniformity. To discuss empires without acknowledging their goals is simplistic and anhistorical. As such, revisiting the horrors committed by Europeans in the non-Western world to score political points is a futile exercise. In addition, people in developing countries should realize that, although terrible, the experiences of their ancestors were not unique to the conquered peoples. After all, we made it clear that Europeans have no qualms about conquering and enslaving whites. Nonetheless, people living in developing countries should not forget the history of colonialism, as it reminds them that weakness is a recipe for exploitation. It is a lesson they must learn.

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